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Table 4 Nomenclature of important parameters

From: Bio-inspired optimization algorithms applied to rectenna design

\(\hbar \) Planck’s constant
V(r) Potential energy distribution
Mbest Best position of particle in the direction d
β Contraction-expansion coefficient
p j.d Local attractor of particle j in direction d
u Gaussian distributed number within [0,1]
k Random value within [0,1]